Worsening traffic congestion and air pollution, rising road maintenance and construction costs, and escalating health risks from obesity to cardiovascular disease are among major motives triggering the attention of transportation authorities to walking and cycling. Increasing local demands to improve pedestrian/cyclist facilities place a burden on public authorities to balance limited resources with increasing demand. Fund scarcity is the major impediment to satisfy a high demand received from communities in all levels particularly from urban and suburban communities to improve cyclist and pedestrian facilities. To allocate funds to the most worthy and deserving projects, many standards, and procedures are followed by public agencies (nationally and globally) to prioritize projects for funding.
To facilitate decision makers in prioritizing improvement projects, this study developed a ranking methodology and measurement technique to score each improvement project recommended to lessen the deficiencies of pedestrian/cyclist facility. This measurement promotes the most efficient use of available capital. To achieve this objective, the metrics must be: 1) quantifiable – to be measured and numerated, 2) accessible and obtainable – to be estimated using data typically compiled by most transport agencies, 3) applicable – to be deployed in the field seamlessly, and 4) meritorious – to be identified as critical factors by most agencies.
Develop a viable ranking methodology and measurement process that will give planners a resource to best allocate funds to be used for projects designed to improve the environment for pedestrians and cyclists.
Review of practices nationwide has shown that no acceptable standard follows by States and local governments and each state or even county has developed their own methodology to score and rank projects.
Expected Results or Products:
- A literature review of global and national efforts to rank pedestrian and cyclist projects, and a qualitative analysis of projects ranking methodology worldwide and nationally.
- An analysis of the methodology used to develop and quantify the project ranking metrics. Areas studied were: Safety, project effectiveness, project cost, equity, demand and qualitative features.
- A score determination equation.
- Project case studies where the ranking methodology was applied for proposed improvement projects in Chicago and seven nearby suburbs.
Urban Transportation Center
University of Illinois at Chicago
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